Element Solutions Inc Announces 2019 Third Quarter Financial Results

Element Solutions Inc Announces 2019 Third Quarter Financial Results

  •  Net sales of $465 million, a decline of 5% from last year on a reported basis or 2% on an organic basis
  • GAAP diluted loss per share of $0.02, compared to loss per share of $0.02 in the same period last year; adjusted EPS of $0.26, compared to $0.05 in the same period last year
  • Reported net loss of $6 million, compared to a loss of $4 million in the same period last year
  • Adjusted EBITDA of $115 million, an increase of 9% from last year on a constant currency basis
  • Third quarter cash flows from operating activities of $87 million; third quarter free cash flows of $80 million
  • Increasing full year 2019 adjusted EPS guidance to $0.84 to $0.87; reaffirming adjusted EBITDA guidance of 2% to 5% growth on a constant currency basis
  • Repurchased approximately 5.6 million shares of common stock in the third quarter

MIAMI--(BUSINESS WIRE)-- Element Solutions Inc (NYSE:ESI) (“Element Solutions” or the “Company”), a global and diversified specialty chemicals company, today announced its financial results from continuing operations for the third quarter ended September 30, 2019.

Unless otherwise specified, the results presented in this press release exclude discontinued operations relating to the Company's former Agricultural Solutions business sold on January 31, 2019.

Executive Commentary

Chief Executive Officer Benjamin Gliklich said, “Element Solutions experienced the sequential increase in activity we expected coming into the quarter, despite our primary markets continuing to suffer from macroeconomic headwinds. Our Electronics business, in particular, picked up as new platform launches drove strong quarter-over-quarter growth in printed circuit board and assembly activity. Our bottom-line was supported by cost containment in our businesses and continued execution against corporate cost savings. Adjusted EBITDA margins expanded for the third consecutive quarter and overall adjusted EBITDA increased – a solid result, particularly in light of weak market conditions and unfavorable foreign exchange rates. This performance exemplifies the strength of our operating model underpinned by strong execution from our team. We generated $80 million of free cash flows this quarter, of which we deployed $51 million to repurchase 5.6 million shares while holding our net debt to adjusted EBITDA ratio flat at 3.3x.”

Mr. Gliklich continued, “Market conditions deteriorated over the third quarter with the global economy, especially the automotive market, continuing to slow and the U.S. dollar strengthening. As of the third quarter, the year-to-date impact from currency on adjusted EBITDA was approximately $15 million and we expect an additional headwind of $5 million to adjusted EBITDA in the fourth quarter of 2019. Nevertheless, we are increasing our adjusted EPS guidance to $0.84 to $0.87 and holding our adjusted EBITDA guidance of 2% to 5% growth on a constant currency basis, although we expect to come in towards the bottom half of this range. This is based on our expectation that full year organic net sales will decline approximately 4% year-over-year. We have generated $166 million of free cash flow year-to-date on an adjusted basis and remain on track to generate approximately $200 million of free cash flow on an adjusted basis this year. As demonstrated once again this quarter, our strong, consistent cash flow provides us flexibility to compound earnings in good markets and more challenging ones.”

Third Quarter 2019 Highlights (compared with third quarter 2018) for continuing operations:

  • Net sales on a reported basis for the third quarter of 2019 were $465 million, a decrease of 5% over the third quarter of 2018. Organic net sales, which exclude the impact of currency changes and certain pass-through metal prices, decreased 2%.
    • Electronics: Net sales decreased 4% to $280 million. Organic net sales decreased 1%.
    • Industrial & Specialty: Net sales decreased 6% to $185 million. Organic net sales decreased 4%.
  • Third quarter of 2019 earnings per share (EPS) performance:
    • GAAP diluted loss per share was $0.02 for both 2019 and 2018 third quarters.
    • Adjusted EPS was $0.26, as compared to $0.05 per share.
  • Reported net loss for the third quarter of 2019 was $6 million, as compared to a net loss of $4 million for the third quarter of 2018.
  • Adjusted EBITDA for the third quarter of 2019 was $115 million, an increase of 6%. On a constant currency basis, adjusted EBITDA increased 9%.
    • Electronics: Adjusted EBITDA was $74 million, an increase of 14%. On a constant currency basis, adjusted EBITDA increased 16%.
    • Industrial & Specialty: Adjusted EBITDA was $42 million, a decrease of 4%. On a constant currency basis, adjusted EBITDA decreased 2%.
    • Adjusted EBITDA margin for the combined company increased 260 basis points to 25% on a reported and constant currency basis.

Updated 2019 Guidance

The Company is increasing its full year 2019 adjusted EPS guidance range to $0.84 to $0.87 and is reaffirming its adjusted EBITDA guidance of 2% to 5% growth on a constant currency basis. The Company expects net sales to decline approximately 4% year-over-year on an organic basis.

Recent Developments

As part of its previously-announced share repurchase program, during the three months ended September 30, 2019, the Company repurchased approximately 5.6 million shares of its common stock for approximately $51.0 million, at an average price of $9.06 per share. These repurchases added to the 38.2 million shares repurchased as of June 30, 2019. The remaining authorization under the share repurchase program was approximately $254 million at September 30, 2019.

Conference Call

Element Solutions will host a webcast/dial-in conference call to discuss its 2019 third quarter financial results at 8:30 a.m. (Eastern Time) on Thursday, November 7, 2019. Participants on the call will include Martin E. Franklin, Executive Chairman; Benjamin Gliklich, Chief Executive Officer; Scot R. Benson, President & Chief Operating Officer; and Carey J. Dorman, Chief Financial Officer.

To listen to the call by telephone, please dial 866-342-8591 (domestic) or 203-518-9713 (international) and provide the Conference ID: ESIQ319. The call will be simultaneously webcast at www.elementsolutionsinc.com. A replay of the call will be available after completion of the live call at www.elementsolutionsinc.com.

About Element Solutions

Element Solutions Inc is a leading global specialty chemicals company whose businesses formulate a broad range of solutions that enhance the performance of products people use every day. Developed in multi-step technological processes, the innovative solutions of the Company's businesses enable customers' manufacturing processes in several key industries, including electronic circuitry, semiconductor, communications infrastructure, automotive systems, industrial surface finishing, consumer packaging and offshore energy.

More information about the Company is available at www.elementsolutionsinc.com.

Forward-Looking Statements

This release is intended to qualify for the safe harbor from liability established by the Private Securities Litigation Reform Act of 1995 as it contains "forward-looking statements" within the meaning of the federal securities laws. These statements will often contain words such as "expect," "anticipate," "project," "will," "should," "believe," "intend," "plan," "assume," "estimate," "predict," "seek," "continue," "outlook," "may," "might," "can have," "likely," "potential" "target," "hope," "goal," "priority" or "guidance" and variations of such words and similar expressions. Examples of forward-looking statements include, but are not limited to, statements, beliefs, projections and expectations regarding macroeconomic headwinds; the Company's cost containment and corporate cost savings; net debt to adjusted EBITDA ratio; outlook for the global economy, especially the automotive market, and the U.S. dollar; expected additional headwind of approximately $5 million to adjusted EBITDA in the fourth quarter of 2019; 2019 financial guidance, including full year adjusted EPS guidance, full year adjusted EBITDA guidance on a constant currency basis and full year organic net sales expectations; generation of approximately $200 million of free cash flow on an adjusted basis for the full year 2019; and flexibility to compound earnings. These projections and statements are based on management's estimates, assumptions or expectations with respect to future events and financial performance, and are believed to be reasonable, though are inherently uncertain and difficult to predict. Actual results could differ materially from those expressed or implied in the forward-looking statements if one or more of the underlying estimates, assumptions or expectations prove to be inaccurate or are unrealized. Important factors that could cause actual results to differ materially from those suggested by the forward-looking statements include, but are not limited to, the Company's ability to realize the expected benefits, efficiencies and cost savings from the sale of its Agricultural Solutions business and its cost containment and cost savings measures; the success of its leadership transition and go-forward structure and strategy; the impact of acquisitions, divestitures, restructurings, refinancings, and other unusual items, including the Company's ability to raise and/or retire new debt and/or equity and to integrate and obtain the anticipated benefits, results and synergies from these items or other related strategic initiatives. Additional information concerning these and other factors that could cause actual results to vary is, or will be, included in the periodic and other reports filed by Element Solutions with the Securities and Exchange Commission. Element Solutions undertakes no obligation to update any forward-looking statements, whether as a result of new information, future events or otherwise.

ELEMENT SOLUTIONS INC

CONDENSED CONSOLIDATED STATEMENTS OF OPERATIONS

(Unaudited)

 

 

Three Months Ended September 30,

 

Nine Months Ended September 30,

(dollars in millions, except per share amounts)

2019

 

2018

 

2019

 

2018

Net Sales

$

464.7

 

$

488.5

 

$

1,381.2

 

$

1,482.6

Cost of Sales

259.0

 

278.9

 

784.2

 

847.2

Gross profit

205.7

 

209.6

 

597.0

 

635.4

Operating expenses:

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

Selling, technical, general and administrative

128.8

 

139.5

 

397.6

 

424.6

Research and development

10.0

 

10.5

 

31.9

 

33.1

Total operating expenses

138.8

 

150.0

 

429.5

 

457.7

Operating profit

66.9

 

59.6

 

167.5

 

177.7

Other expense:

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

Interest expense, net

(17.4)

 

(77.9)

 

(73.7)

 

(233.4)

Foreign exchange (loss) gain

(1.2)

 

(4.7)

 

(2.4)

 

0.4

Other income (expense), net

2.9

 

(0.1)

 

(46.2)

 

13.6

Total other expense

(15.7)

 

(82.7)

 

(122.3)

 

(219.4)

Income (loss) before income taxes and non-controlling interests

51.2

 

(23.1)

 

45.2

 

(41.7)

Income tax (expense) benefit

(57.2)

 

18.8

 

(40.0)

 

(21.1)

Net (loss) income from continuing operations

(6.0)

 

(4.3)

 

5.2

 

(62.8)

(Loss) income from discontinued operations, net of tax

(0.9)

 

(401.6)

 

13.2

 

(293.3)

Net (loss) income

(6.9)

 

(405.9)

 

18.4

 

(356.1)

Net income attributable to non-controlling interests

 

(3.0)

 

(0.6)

 

(3.5)

Net (loss) income attributable to common stockholders

$

(6.9)

 

$

(408.9)

 

$

17.8

 

$

(359.6)

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

(Loss) earnings per share

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

Basic from continuing operations

$

(0.02)

 

$

(0.02)

 

$

0.02

 

$

(0.23)

Basic from discontinued operations

(0.01)

 

(1.40)

 

0.05

 

(1.02)

Basic attributable to common stockholders

$

(0.03)

 

$

(1.42)

 

$

0.07

 

$

(1.25)

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

Diluted from continuing operations

$

(0.02)

 

$

(0.02)

 

$

0.02

 

$

(0.23)

Diluted from discontinued operations

(0.01)

 

(1.40)

 

0.05

 

(1.02)

Diluted attributable to common stockholders

$

(0.03)

 

$

(1.42)

 

$

0.07

 

$

(1.25)

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

Weighted average common shares outstanding

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

Basic

254.4

 

288.2

 

259.9

 

288.1

Diluted

254.4

 

288.2

 

262.4

 

288.1

ELEMENT SOLUTIONS INC

CONDENSED CONSOLIDATED BALANCE SHEETS

(Unaudited)

 

 

September 30,

 

December 31,

(dollars in millions)

2019

 

2018

Assets

 

 

 

Cash and cash equivalents

$

200.3

 

$

233.6

Accounts receivable, net of allowance for doubtful accounts of $8.7 and $7.7 at September 30, 2019 and December 31, 2018, respectively

367.2

 

382.4

Inventories

198.0

 

188.1

Prepaid expenses

21.9

 

14.3

Other current assets

54.8

 

42.5

Current assets of discontinued operations

8.1

 

1,621.3

Total current assets

850.3

 

2,482.2

Property, plant and equipment, net

250.0

 

266.9

Goodwill

2,125.8

 

2,182.6

Intangible assets, net

917.6

 

1,024.5

Other assets

122.9

 

32.9

Non-current assets of discontinued operations

6.5

 

3,412.4

Total assets

$

4,273.1

 

$

9,401.5

Liabilities and stockholders' equity

 

 

 

Accounts payable

$

102.7

 

$

100.9

Current installments of long-term debt and revolving credit facilities

7.8

 

25.3

Accrued expenses and other current liabilities

141.1

 

189.5

Current liabilities of discontinued operations

38.2

 

826.8

Total current liabilities

289.8

 

1,142.5

Debt

1,514.2

 

5,350.7

Pension and post-retirement benefits

47.0

 

49.5

Deferred income taxes

126.5

 

133.0

Other liabilities

175.1

 

128.5

Non-current liabilities of discontinued operations

 

416.2

Total liabilities

2,152.6

 

7,220.4

Stockholders' Equity

 

 

 

Preferred stock - Series A

 

Common stock: 400.0 shares authorized (2019: 258.4 shares issued; 2018: 289.3 shares issued)

2.6

 

2.9

Additional paid-in capital

4,111.8

 

4,062.1

Treasury stock (2019: 7.3 shares; 2018: 0.3 shares)

(67.9)

 

(3.5)

Accumulated deficit

(1,610.9)

 

(1,195.4)

Accumulated other comprehensive loss

(313.5)

 

(756.9)

Total stockholders' equity

2,122.1

 

2,109.2

Non-controlling interests

(1.6)

 

71.9

Total equity

2,120.5

 

2,181.1

Total liabilities and stockholders' equity

$

4,273.1

 

$

9,401.5

ELEMENT SOLUTIONS INC

CONDENSED CONSOLIDATED STATEMENTS OF CASH FLOWS

(Unaudited)

 

 

Three Months Ended

 

 

Nine Months Ended
September 30,

(dollars in millions)

September 30,
2019

 

June 30,
2019

 

March 31,
2019

 

 

2019

 

2018

Cash flows from operating activities:

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

Net (loss) income

$

(6.9)

 

$

1.4

 

$

23.9

 

 

$

18.4

 

$

(356.1)

(Loss) income from discontinued operations, net of tax

(0.9)

 

(13.3)

 

27.4

 

 

13.2

 

(293.3)

Net (loss) income from continuing operations

(6.0)

 

14.7

 

(3.5)

 

 

5.2

 

(62.8)

Reconciliation of net (loss) income from continuing operations to net cash flows provided by (used in) operating activities:

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

Depreciation and amortization

38.3

 

38.8

 

38.7

 

 

115.8

 

118.5

Deferred income taxes

10.7

 

(8.8)

 

(2.0)

 

 

(0.1)

 

(12.8)

Foreign exchange (gain) loss

(9.2)

 

24.4

 

(33.0)

 

 

(17.8)

 

(3.4)

Other, net

4.5

 

4.4

 

75.4

 

 

84.3

 

18.2

Changes in assets and liabilities, net of acquisitions:

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

Accounts receivable

(2.7)

 

2.6

 

2.8

 

 

2.7

 

(15.7)

Inventory

(1.3)

 

0.4

 

(14.3)

 

 

(15.2)

 

(30.8)

Accounts payable

(1.5)

 

(4.1)

 

9.5

 

 

3.9

 

4.8

Accrued expenses

27.5

 

(26.2)

 

(67.3)

 

 

(66.0)

 

(39.9)

Prepaid expenses and other current assets

17.4

 

(20.3)

 

(4.6)

 

 

(7.5)

 

10.7

Other assets and liabilities

9.1

 

11.4

 

(33.7)

 

 

(13.2)

 

(13.2)

Net cash flows provided by (used in) operating activities of continuing operations

86.8

 

37.3

 

(32.0)

 

 

92.1

 

(26.4)

Cash flows from investing activities:

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

Capital expenditures

(6.8)

 

(4.7)

 

(6.7)

 

 

(18.2)

 

(19.6)

Proceeds from disposal of property, plant and equipment

 

 

 

 

 

1.7

Acquisition of business, net of cash acquired

 

 

 

 

 

(28.2)

Proceeds from Arysta Sale (net of cash $148.7 million)

 

89.5

 

4,192.3

 

 

4,281.8

 

Proceeds from the sale of equity investment

 

 

 

 

 

25.0

Other, net

(1.2)

 

(0.6)

 

8.5

 

 

6.7

 

3.1

Net cash flows (used in) provided by investing activities of continuing operations

(8.0)

 

84.2

 

4,194.1

 

 

4,270.3

 

(18.0)

Cash flows from financing activities:

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

Debt proceeds, net of discount

 

 

749.1

 

 

749.1

 

Repayments of borrowings

(2.0)

 

(2.0)

 

(4,601.0)

 

 

(4,605.0)

 

(0.4)

Change in lines of credit, net

(50.0)

 

(70.2)

 

95.3

 

 

(24.9)

 

Repurchases of common stock

(51.0)

 

(11.5)

 

(433.6)

 

 

(496.1)

 

Payment of financing fees

 

 

(39.5)

 

 

(39.5)

 

Other, net

0.2

 

2.0

 

(10.8)

 

 

(8.6)

 

(0.4)

Net cash flows used in financing activities of continuing operations

(102.8)

 

(81.7)

 

(4,240.5)

 

 

(4,425.0)

 

(0.8)

Cash flows from discontinued operations:

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

Net cash flows used in operating activities of discontinued operations

(18.8)

 

(19.4)

 

(115.9)

 

 

(154.1)

 

(37.0)

Net cash flows used in investing activities of discontinued operations

 

 

(5.0)

 

 

(5.0)

 

(32.5)

Net cash flows provided by financing activities of discontinued operations

 

 

4.8

 

 

4.8

 

62.0

Net cash flows used in discontinued operations

(18.8)

 

(19.4)

 

(116.1)

 

 

(154.3)

 

(7.5)

Effect of exchange rate changes on cash, cash equivalents and restricted cash

(4.5)

 

(3.2)

 

9.4

 

 

1.7

 

(23.6)

Net (decrease) increase in cash, cash equivalents and restricted cash

(47.3)

 

17.2

 

(185.1)

 

 

(215.2)

 

(76.3)

Cash, cash equivalents and restricted cash at beginning of period

247.6

 

230.4

 

415.5

 

 

415.5

 

483.9

Cash, cash equivalents and restricted cash at end of period

$

200.3

 

$

247.6

 

$

230.4

 

 

$

200.3

 

$

407.6

ELEMENT SOLUTIONS INC

ADDITIONAL FINANCIAL INFORMATION

(Unaudited)

I. UNAUDITED SEGMENT RESULTS - CONTINUING OPERATIONS

 

Three Months Ended September 30,

 

Nine Months Ended September 30,

(dollars in millions)

2019

 

2018

 

Reported

 

Constant
Currency

 

Organic

 

2019

 

2018

 

Reported

 

Constant
Currency

 

Organic

Net Sales

Electronics

$

280.0

 

$

291.8

 

(4)%

 

(2)%

 

(1)%

 

$

813.8

 

$

875.5

 

(7)%

 

(4)%

 

(4)%

Industrial & Specialty

184.7

 

196.7

 

(6)%

 

(4)%

 

(4)%

 

567.4

 

607.1

 

(7)%

 

(3)%

 

(3)%

Total

$

464.7

 

$

488.5

 

(5)%

 

(3)%

 

(2)%

 

$

1,381.2

 

$

1,482.6

 

(7)%

 

(3)%

 

(4)%

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

Adjusted EBITDA

Electronics

$

73.6

 

$

64.8

 

14%

 

16%

 

 

 

$

190.4

 

$

189.9

 

0%

 

4%

 

 

Industrial & Specialty

41.8

 

43.5

 

(4)%

 

(2)%

 

 

 

124.1

 

131.9

 

(6)%

 

(2)%

 

 

Total

$

115.4

 

$

108.3

 

6%

 

9%

 

 

 

$

314.5

 

$

321.8

 

(2)%

 

2%

 

 

 

Three Months Ended September 30,

 

Constant Currency

 

Nine Months Ended September 30,

 

Constant Currency

 

2019

 

2018

 

Change

 

2019

 

Change

 

2019

 

2018

 

Change

 

2019

 

Change

Adjusted EBITDA Margin

Electronics

26.3%

 

22.2%

 

410bps

 

26.4%

 

420bps

 

23.4%

 

21.7%

 

170bps

 

23.5%

 

180bps

Industrial & Specialty

22.6%

 

22.1%

 

50bps

 

22.6%

 

50bps

 

21.9%

 

21.7%

 

20bps

 

21.9%

 

20bps

Total

24.8%

 

22.2%

 

260bps

 

24.8%

 

260bps

 

22.8%

 

21.7%

 

110bps

 

22.8%

 

110bps

 

II. UNAUDITED CAPITAL STRUCTURE

(dollars in millions)

 

 

Maturity

 

Interest Rate

 

September 30,
2019

Instrument

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

Corporate Revolver

 

 

1/31/2024

 

LIBOR plus 2.25%

 

$

USD Term Loans

(1)

 

1/31/2026

 

LIBOR plus 2.25%

 

744.4

Other Secured Debt

 

 

 

 

 

 

0.9

Total First Lien Debt

 

 

 

 

 

 

745.3

Senior Notes due 2025

 

 

12/1/2025

 

5.875%

 

800.0

Total Unsecured Debt

 

 

 

 

 

 

800.0

Total Debt

 

 

 

 

 

 

1,545.3

Cash Balance

 

 

 

 

 

 

200.3

Net Debt

 

 

 

 

 

 

$

1,345.0

Adjusted Shares Outstanding

(2)

 

 

 

 

 

255.6

Market Capitalization

(3)

 

 

 

 

 

$

2,602.0

Total Capitalization

 

 

 

 

 

 

$

3,947.0

 (1)  

Element Solutions swapped its floating term loan to fixed rate through January 2024.  At September 30, 2019, approximately 100.0% of its debt was fixed.

 (2)  

See "Non-GAAP Adjusted Common Shares at September 30, 2019 and 2018 (Unaudited)" following the Adjusted Earnings Per Share table below.

 (3)  

Based on the closing price of the shares of Element Solutions of $10.18 at September 30, 2019.

III. SELECTED FINANCIAL DATA - CONTINUING OPERATIONS

 

Three Months Ended September 30,

 

Nine Months Ended September 30,

(amounts in millions)

2019

 

2018

 

2019

 

2018

Interest expense

$

17.7

 

$

78.8

 

$

75.9

 

$

235.2

Interest paid

$

5.0

 

$

85.8

 

$

97.8

 

$

232.8

Income tax expense (benefit)

$

57.2

 

$

(18.8)

 

$

40.0

 

$

21.1

Income taxes paid

$

20.1

 

$

18.6

 

$

55.1

 

$

58.5

Capital expenditures

$

6.8

 

$

8.6

 

$

18.2

 

$

19.6

Proceeds from disposal of property, plant and equipment

$

 

$

0.1

 

$

 

$

1.7

Non-GAAP Measures

To supplement the financial measures prepared in accordance with GAAP, Element Solutions has provided in this release the following non-GAAP financial measures: EBITDA, adjusted EBITDA, adjusted EBITDA margin, adjusted EPS, adjusted common shares outstanding, free cash flow, guidance related to adjusted EPS and constant currency adjusted EBITDA growth, net debt to adjusted EBITDA ratio, organic net sales growth and organic net sales growth expectations. The Company also evaluates and presents its results of operations on a constant currency basis.

Management internally reviews each of the non-GAAP measures mentioned above to evaluate performance on a comparative period-to-period basis in terms of absolute performance, trends and expected future performance with respect to the Company’s business, and believes that these non-GAAP measures provide investors with an additional perspective on trends and underlying operating results on a period-to-period comparable basis. The Company also believes that investors find this information helpful in understanding the ongoing performance of its operations separate from items that may have a disproportionate positive or negative impact on its financial results in any particular period or are considered to be associated with its capital structure. These non-GAAP financial measures, however, have limitations as analytical tools, and should not be considered in isolation from, a substitute for, or superior to, the related financial information that Element Solutions reports in accordance with GAAP. The principal limitation of these non-GAAP financial measures is that they exclude significant expenses and income that are required by GAAP to be recorded in the Company’s financial statements, and may not be completely comparable to similarly titled measures of other companies due to potential differences in calculation methods. In addition, these measures are subject to inherent limitations as they reflect the exercise of judgment by management about which items are excluded or included in determining these non-GAAP financial measures. Investors are encouraged to review the reconciliations of these non-GAAP financial measures to their most comparable GAAP financial measures included in this press release, and not to rely on any single financial measure to evaluate the Company's businesses.

The Company only provides adjusted EBITDA guidance, adjusted EPS guidance and organic net sales growth expectations on a non-GAAP basis and does not provide reconciliations of such forward-looking non-GAAP measures to GAAP due to the inherent difficulty in forecasting and quantifying certain amounts that are necessary for such reconciliations, including adjustments that could be made for restructurings, refinancings, divestitures, integration-related expenses, share-based compensation amounts, non-recurring, unusual or unanticipated charges, expenses or gains, adjustments to inventory and other charges reflected in its reconciliation of historic numbers, the amount of which, based on historical experience, could be significant.

Constant Currency:

The Company discloses net sales and adjusted EBITDA on a constant currency basis by adjusting to exclude the impact of changes due to the translation of foreign currencies of its international locations into U.S. dollar. Management believes this non-GAAP financial information facilitates period-to-period comparison in the analysis of trends in business performance, thereby providing valuable supplemental information regarding its results of operations, consistent with how the Company internally evaluates its financial results.

The impact of foreign currency translation is calculated by converting the Company's current-period local currency financial results into U.S. dollar using the prior period's exchange rates and comparing these adjusted amounts to its prior period reported results. The difference between actual growth rates and constant currency growth rates represents the estimated impact of foreign currency translation.

Organic Net Sales Growth:

Organic net sales growth is defined as net sales excluding the impact of foreign currency translation, changes due to the pass-through pricing of certain metals and acquisitions and/or divestitures, as applicable. Management believes this non-GAAP financial measure provides investors with a more complete understanding of the underlying net sales trends by providing comparable net sales over differing periods on a consistent basis.

The following table reconciles GAAP net sales growth to organic net sales growth for the three and nine months ended September 30, 2019:

 

 

Three Months Ended September 30, 2019

 

 

Reported Net
Sales Growth

 

Impact of
Currency

 

Constant
Currency

 

Change in
Pass-Through
Metals
Pricing

 

Acquisitions

 

Organic Net
Sales Growth

Electronics

 

(4)%

 

2%

 

(2)%

 

1%

 

—%

 

(1)%

Industrial & Specialty

 

(6)%

 

2%

 

(4)%

 

—%

 

—%

 

(4)%

Total

 

(5)%

 

2%

 

(3)%

 

1%

 

—%

 

(2)%

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

Nine Months Ended September 30, 2019

 

 

Reported Net
Sales Growth

 

Impact of
Currency

 

Constant
Currency

 

Change in
Pass-Through
Metals
Pricing

 

Acquisitions

 

Organic Net
Sales Growth

Electronics

 

(7)%

 

3%

 

(4)%

 

0%

 

0%

 

(4)%

Industrial & Specialty

 

(7)%

 

4%

 

(3)%

 

—%

 

—%

 

(3)%

Total

 

(7)%

 

3%

 

(3)%

 

0%

 

0%

 

(4)%

 

NOTE: Totals may not sum due to rounding.

For the three months ended September 30, 2019, Electronics' and the Company's consolidated results were negatively impacted by $2.5 million of pass-through metals pricing. For the nine months ended September 30, 2019, Electronics' and the Company's consolidated results were positively impacted by $3.6 million of acquisitions and negatively impacted by $0.9 million of pass-through metals pricing.

Adjusted Earnings Per Share:

Adjusted earnings per share (EPS) is a key metric used by management to measure operating performance and trends as management believes the exclusion of certain expenses in calculating adjusted EPS facilitates operating performance comparisons on a period-to-period basis. Adjusted EPS is defined as net (loss) income from continuing operations attributable to common stockholders adjusted to reflect adjustments consistent with the Company's definition of adjusted EBITDA. Additionally, the Company eliminates the amortization associated with intangible assets and the step-up depreciation associated with fixed assets, both recognized in purchase accounting for acquisitions. Further, the Company adjusts its effective tax rate to 27% and 34% for the three and nine months ended September 30, 2019 and 2018, respectively, as described in footnote (10) under the reconciliation table below. Lastly, the 2019 adjusted EPS total is based on the Company's new capital structure by assuming that the sale of Agricultural Solutions (the "Arysta Sale") had closed and its new credit agreement had been in place on January 1, 2019, which the Company believes is more reflective of the go-forward capital structure of the Company.

The resulting adjusted net income from continuing operations is then divided by the Company's adjusted common shares outstanding. Adjusted common shares outstanding represent the shares outstanding as of the balance sheet date for the quarter-to-date period and an average of each quarter for the year-to-date period. Adjusted common shares outstanding consists of common shares outstanding, plus the shares that would be issued if all convertible stock was converted to common stock, stock options were vested and exercised and equity grants with targets that are considered probable of achievement were vested at target level and issued at each period presented.

The following table reconciles GAAP "Net (loss) income attributable to common stockholders" to "Adjusted net income from continuing operations attributable to common stockholders" and presents the adjusted number of common shares used in calculating adjusted EPS from continuing operations for each period presented below:

 

 

Three Months Ended
September 30,

 

Nine Months Ended
September 30,

(dollars in millions, except per share amounts)

 

2019

 

2018

 

2019

 

2018

Net (loss) income attributable to common stockholders

 

$

(6.9)

 

$

(408.9)

 

$

17.8

 

$

(359.6)

Net (loss) income from discontinued operations attributable to common stockholders

 

(0.9)

 

(402.6)

 

13.2

 

(294.1)

Net (loss) income from continuing operations attributable to common stockholders

 

(6.0)

 

(6.3)

 

4.6

 

(65.5)

Reversal of amortization expense

(1)

28.1

 

27.8

 

84.9

 

84.7

Adjustment to reverse incremental depreciation expense from acquisitions

(1)

2.1

 

2.4

 

6.3

 

7.8

Adjustment to interest expense

(2)

 

 

20.1

 

Restructuring expense

(3)

6.8

 

1.0

 

12.6

 

4.3

Integration costs

(4)

0.8

 

5.2

 

2.5

 

9.7

Foreign exchange loss on foreign denominated external and internal long-term debt

(5)

1.1

 

3.8

 

1.5

 

0.7

Debt refinancing costs

(6)

 

 

61.0

 

Gain on sale of equity investment

(7)

 

 

 

(11.3)

Change in fair value of contingent consideration

(8)

0.5

 

1.0

 

3.4

 

2.5

Other, net

(9)

(0.6)

 

3.8

 

(1.1)

 

5.7

Tax effect of pre-tax non-GAAP adjustments

(10)

(10.5)

 

(15.3)

 

(51.6)

 

(35.4)

Adjustment to estimated effective tax rate

(10)

43.4

 

(10.9)

 

27.8

 

35.3

Adjustment to reverse income attributable to certain non-controlling interests

(11)

 

2.0

 

0.5

 

2.6

Adjusted net income from continuing operations attributable to common stockholders

 

$

65.7

 

$

14.5

 

$

172.5

 

$

41.1

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

Adjusted earnings per share from continuing operations

(12)

$

0.26

 

$

0.05

 

$

0.66

 

$

0.14

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

Adjusted common shares outstanding

(12)

255.6

 

299.2

 

259.8

 

299.2

(1)

 

The Company eliminates amortization expense associated with intangible assets and incremental depreciation associated with the step-up of fixed assets recognized in purchase accounting for acquisitions.  The Company believes these adjustments provide insight with respect to the cash flows necessary to maintain and enhance its product portfolio.

(2)

 

The Company adjusts its 2019 interest expense to reflect its new capital structure by assuming that the Arysta Sale had closed and its new credit agreement had been in place on January 1, 2019 which the Company believes is more reflective of the go-forward capital structure of the Company.

(3)

 

The Company adjusts for costs of restructuring its operations, including those related to its acquired businesses.  The Company adjusts these costs because it believes they are not reflective of ongoing operations.

 (4)

 

The Company adjusts for costs associated with integration activity, including costs of obtaining related financing, legal and accounting fees and transfer taxes.  The Company adjusts these costs because it believes they are not reflective of ongoing operations.

 (5)

 

The Company adjusts for foreign exchange gains and losses on long-term intercompany and third-party debt because it expects the period-to-period movement of these currencies to offset on a long-term basis and, due to their long-term nature, are not fully realized.  The Company does not exclude foreign exchange gains and losses on short-term intercompany and third-party payables and receivables.

 (6)

 

The Company adjusts for costs related to the redemption of its prior 6.00% and 6.50% senior notes and the paydown of its term loan debt outstanding at the time of the Arysta Sale because it believes these costs are not reflective of ongoing operations.

 (7)

 

The Company adjusts for a gain on the sale of an equity investment in 2018 because it believes it is not reflective of ongoing operations.

 (8)

 

The Company adjusts for changes in the fair value of contingent consideration related to the acquisition of MacDermid, Incorporated (the "MacDermid Acquisition") because it believes these costs are not reflective of ongoing operations.

(9)

 

The Company's 2019 adjustments include a gain on derivative contracts which was primarily associated with the refinancing of the Company's non-U.S. dollar denominated third-party debt, offset in part by employee expenses associated with the Arysta Sale that do not qualify for discontinued operations, non-recurring severance payments to senior management and certain professional consulting fees.  The Company's 2018 adjustments primarily include professional consulting fees.  The Company adjusts these costs because it believes they are not reflective of ongoing operations.

(10)

 

The Company adjusts its effective tax rate to 27% for the three and nine months ended September 30, 2019.  This adjustment does not reflect the Company’s current or near-term tax structure, including limitations on its ability to utilize net operating losses and foreign tax credits in certain jurisdictions.  The Company also applies an effective tax rate of 27% to pre-tax non-GAAP adjustments.  For the three and nine months ended September 30, 2018, the Company adjusted its effective tax rate to 34%.  These effective tax rates adjustments are made because the Company believes they provide a meaningful comparison of its performance between periods.

(11)

 

In connection with the merger on March 29, 2019 of Platform Delaware Holdings, Inc. ("PDH") with and into the Company, each outstanding equity interest in PDH was converted into one share of the Company's common stock.  For historical periods, the Company adjusted for the income or loss attributable to non-controlling interests created at the time of the MacDermid Acquisition because holders of such equity interests were expected to convert their PDH holdings into shares of the Company's common stock.  The Company also adjusted these non-controlling interests because it believed they were not reflective of ongoing operations.

(12)

 

The Company defines "Adjusted common shares" as the outstanding number of shares of its common stock at September 30, 2019 or 2018, plus the number of shares that would be issued if all convertible stock was converted into common stock, stock options were vested and exercised and awarded equity grants with targets that are considered probable of achievement were vested at target and issued as of September 30, 2019 or 2018, as applicable.  The Company adjusts the number of its outstanding common shares for this calculation to provide an understanding of the Company’s results of operations on a per share basis.  See table below for further information.

Non-GAAP Adjusted Common Shares at September 30, 2019 and 2018 (Unaudited)

The following table shows the Company's adjusted common shares outstanding at each period presented:

 

September 30,

 

Year-to-Date Average
September 30,

(amounts in millions)

2019

 

2018

 

2019

 

2018

Common shares outstanding

251.1

 

288.3

 

255.1

 

288.2

Number of shares issuable upon conversion of PDH Common Stock

 

4.1

 

 

4.1

Number of shares issuable upon conversion of Series A Preferred Stock

2.0

 

2.0

 

2.0

 

2.0

Number of shares issuable upon vesting of granted Equity Awards

2.5

 

4.8

 

2.7

 

4.9

Adjusted common shares outstanding

255.6

 

299.2

 

259.8

 

299.2

EBITDA and Adjusted EBITDA:

EBITDA represents earnings before interest, provision for income taxes, depreciation and amortization. Adjusted EBITDA is defined as EBITDA, excluding the impact of additional items included in GAAP earnings which the Company believes are not representative or indicative of its ongoing business or are considered to be associated with its capital structure, as described in the footnotes located under the "Adjusted Earnings Per Share" reconciliation table above. Adjusted EBITDA for each segment also includes an allocation of corporate costs, such as compensation expense and professional fees. Management believes adjusted EBITDA and adjusted EBITDA margin provide investors with a more complete understanding of the long-term profitability trends of Element Solutions' business and facilitate comparisons of its profitability to prior and future periods.

The following table reconciles GAAP "Net (loss) income attributable to common stockholders" to "Adjusted EBITDA" for each of the periods presented:

 

 

Three Months Ended
September 30,

 

Nine Months Ended
September 30,

(dollars in millions)

 

2019

 

2018

 

2019

 

2018

Net (loss) income attributable to common stockholders

 

$

(6.9)

 

$

(408.9)

 

$

17.8

 

$

(359.6)

Add (subtract):

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

Net income attributable to the non-controlling interests

 

 

3.0

 

0.6

 

3.5

Loss (income) from discontinued operations, net of tax

 

0.9

 

401.6

 

(13.2)

 

293.3

Income tax expense (benefit)

 

57.2

 

(18.8)

 

40.0

 

21.1

Interest expense, net

 

17.4

 

77.9

 

73.7

 

233.4

Depreciation expense

 

10.1

 

10.9

 

30.8

 

33.8

Amortization expense

 

28.1

 

27.8

 

84.9

 

84.7

EBITDA

 

106.8

 

93.5

 

234.6

 

310.2

Adjustments to reconcile to Adjusted EBITDA:

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

Restructuring expense

(3)

6.8

 

1.0

 

12.6

 

4.3

Integration costs

(4)

0.8

 

5.2

 

2.5

 

9.7

Foreign exchange loss on foreign denominated external and internal long-term debt

(5)

1.1

 

3.8

 

1.5

 

0.7

Debt refinancing costs

(6)

 

 

61.0

 

Change in fair value of contingent consideration

(8)

0.5

 

1.0

 

3.4

 

2.5

Gain on sale of equity investment

(7)

 

 

 

(11.3)

Other, net

(9)

(0.6)

 

3.8

 

(1.1)

 

5.7

Adjusted EBITDA

 

$

115.4

 

$

108.3

 

$

314.5

 

$

321.8

NOTE: For the footnote descriptions, please refer to the footnotes located under the "Net (loss) income attributable to common stockholders" reconciliation table above.

Net Debt to Adjusted EBITDA Ratio:

Net debt to adjusted EBITDA ratio is defined as total debt and capital lease obligations, excluding unamortized premium, discounts and debt issuance costs, less cash divided by adjusted EBITDA.

The following table presents the Company's net debt to adjusted EBITDA ratio of 3.3x on a trailing twelve month basis:

 

2019

 

2018

 

Trailing
Twelve
Months

(dollars in millions)

YTD

 

Q4

 

Net income attributable to common stockholders

$

17.8

 

$

35.2

 

$

53.0

Add (subtract):

 

 

 

 

 

Net income attributable to the non-controlling interests

0.6

 

1.0

 

1.6

(Income) from discontinued operations, net of tax

(13.2)

 

(50.4)

 

(63.6)

Income tax expense

40.0

 

2.7

 

42.7

Interest expense, net

73.7

 

77.6

 

151.3

Depreciation expense

30.8

 

10.8

 

41.6

Amortization expense

84.9

 

27.4

 

112.3

EBITDA

234.6

 

104.3

 

338.9

Adjustments to reconcile to Adjusted EBITDA:

 

 

 

 

 

Restructuring expense

12.6

 

2.0

 

14.6

Integration costs

2.5

 

2.4

 

4.9

Foreign exchange loss on foreign denominated external and internal long-term debt

1.5

 

5.3

 

6.8

Debt refinancing costs

61.0

 

0.5

 

61.5

Change in fair value of contingent consideration

3.4

 

(24.3)

 

(20.9)

Other, net

(1.1)

 

8.7

 

7.6

Adjusted EBITDA

$

314.5

 

$

98.9

 

$

413.4

 

 

 

 

 

 

Net Debt

 

 

 

 

$

1,345.0

 

 

 

 

 

 

Net debt to adjusted EBITDA ratio

 

 

 

 

3.3x

Free Cash Flow:

Free cash flow is defined as net cash flows from operating activities less net capital expenditures. Net capital expenditures include capital expenditures less proceeds from the disposal of property, plant and equipment. Free cash flow on an adjusted basis adjusts for one-time cash operating expenses related to the Arysta Sale and for the payment of a portion of the contingent consideration related to the MacDermid Acquisition, and assumes that the Company's new capital structure was in place on January 1, 2019. Management believes that free cash flow, which measures the Company’s ability to generate cash from its business operations, is an important financial measure for use in evaluating the Company's financial performance. However, free cash flow should be considered in addition to, rather than as a substitute for, net cash provided by operating activities as a measure of the Company’s liquidity.

The following table reconciles "Cash flows from operating activities" to "Free cash flows on an adjusted basis:"

 

 

2019

 

2019

(dollars in millions)

 

Q3 QTD

 

Q3 YTD

Cash flows from operating activities

 

$

87

 

$

92

Capital expenditures

 

(7)

 

(18)

Disposal of property, plant and equipment

 

 

Free cash flows

 

80

 

74

Adjustments to arrive at free cash flows on an adjusted basis:

 

 

 

 

Interest payments - prior capital structure (1)

 

 

57

Interest payments - new capital structure (1)

 

 

(3)

Other (2)

 

 

38

Free cash flows on an adjusted basis

 

$

80

 

$

166

 (1)

 

Adjustments for 2019 interest payments to reflect the Company's new capital structure by assuming that the Arysta Sale had closed and the new credit agreement had been in place on January 1, 2019.

(2)

Adjustment for the payment of the contingent consideration related to the MacDermid Acquisition and payment for employee expenses associated with the Arysta Sale that do not qualify for discontinued operations.

 

Investor Relations Contact:
Yash Nehete
Senior Associate, Corporate Development & IR
Element Solutions Inc
1-561-406-8465

Media Contact:
Liz Cohen
Managing Director
Kekst CNC
1-212-521-4845

Source: Element Solutions Inc