Quarterly report pursuant to Section 13 or 15(d)

Financial Instruments

v3.19.3
Financial Instruments
9 Months Ended
Sep. 30, 2019
Derivative Instruments and Hedging Activities Disclosure [Abstract]  
FINANCIAL INSTRUMENTS FINANCIAL INSTRUMENTS
Derivatives and Hedging
In the normal course of business, the Company is exposed to risks relating to changes in foreign currency exchange rates, commodity prices and interest rates. Derivative financial instruments, such as foreign currency exchange forward contracts, commodities futures contracts, interest rate swaps and net investment hedges are used to manage the risks associated with changes in the conditions of those markets. All derivatives are recognized in the Condensed Consolidated Balance Sheets at fair value. The counterparties to the Company’s derivative agreements are major international financial institutions. The Company continually monitors its derivative positions and the credit ratings of its counterparties and does not anticipate nonperformance on their part.
Foreign Currency
The Company conducts a significant portion of its business in currencies other than the U.S. dollar and a portion of its business in currencies other than the functional currencies of its subsidiaries. As a result, the Company’s operating results are impacted by foreign currency exchange rate volatility.
At September 30, 2019, the Company held foreign currency forward contracts to purchase and sell various currencies in order to mitigate such foreign currency exposure, primarily with the U.S. dollar and euro. The Company has not designated any foreign currency exchange forward contracts as eligible for hedge accounting and, as a result, changes in the fair value of foreign currency forward contracts are recorded in the Condensed Consolidated Statements of Operations as "Other income (expense), net." The total notional value of foreign currency exchange forward contracts held at September 30, 2019 and
December 31, 2018 was approximately $93.0 million and $102 million, respectively, with settlement dates generally within one year.
Commodities
As part of its risk management policy, the Company enters into commodities futures contracts for the purpose of mitigating its exposure to fluctuations in prices of certain metals used in the production of its finished goods. The Company held futures contracts to purchase and sell various metals, primarily tin and silver, with a notional value of $37.4 million and $28.9 million at September 30, 2019 and December 31, 2018, respectively. Substantially all contracts outstanding at September 30, 2019 had delivery dates within one year. The Company has not designated these derivatives as hedging instruments and, accordingly, records changes in their fair values in the Condensed Consolidated Statements of Operations as "Other income (expense), net."
Unrealized gains and losses on derivative contracts are accounted for as "Operating activities" in the Condensed Consolidated Statements of Cash Flows.
Interest Rates
During the nine months ended September 30, 2019, the Company:
Terminated and settled interest rate swaps previously entered into which resulted in a cash payment of $8.2 million and reclassified $7.1 million of income from "Accumulated other comprehensive loss" to "Other (expense) income, net" in the Condensed Consolidated Statement of Operations. The proceeds are reflected as cash flows from Investing Activities on the Condensed Consolidated Statement of Cash Flows.
Entered into interest rate swaps to effectively fix the floating rate of the interest payments associated with its new $750 million term loan under New Credit Agreement through January 2024. These contracts were designated as a cash flow hedge. All interest payments to be paid during the last two years preceding the maturity date of this new term loan (February 2024 to January 2026) will revert back to a floating rate of interest. The proceeds are reflected as cash flows from Operating Activities on the Condensed Consolidated Statement of Cash Flows.
Entered into cross-currency swaps to effectively convert the new $750 million term loan under the New Credit Agreement, a U.S. dollar denominated debt obligation, into fixed-rate euro-denominated debt. Under these contracts, which expire in January 2024, the Company is obligated to make periodic euro-denominated coupon payments to the hedge counterparties on an aggregate initial notional amount of €662 million, in exchange for periodic U.S. dollar-denominated coupon payments from these hedge counterparties on an aggregate initial notional amount of $750 million. The Company has also designated these contracts as a net investment hedge of the foreign currency exposure of a portion of its net investment in its European operations. The proceeds are reflected as cash flows from Operating Activities on the Condensed Consolidated Statement of Cash Flows.
The net result of the above hedges, which expire in January 2024, is an interest rate of approximately 2.4%, which could vary due to changes in the euro and the U.S. dollar exchange rate.
Changes in the fair value of a derivative instrument that is designated as, and meets all the required criteria of, a cash flow hedge are recorded in "Other comprehensive (loss) income" and reclassified from "Accumulated other comprehensive loss" into earnings as the underlying hedged item affects earnings. Amounts reclassified into earnings related to interest rate swaps are included in the Condensed Consolidated Statements of Operations as "Interest expense, net." Changes in the fair value of a derivative instrument that is designated as, and meets all the required criteria of, a net investment hedge are recorded in "Foreign currency translation" in "Accumulated other comprehensive loss" offsetting the translation adjustment attributable to the hedged portion of the Company’s net investment in its European operations.
For the three and nine months ended September 30, 2019, the Company's interest rate swaps and cross-currency swaps were deemed highly effective. The Company expects to reclassify $6.6 million of expense from "Accumulated other comprehensive loss" to "Interest expense, net" in the Condensed Consolidated Statements of Operations within the next twelve months.
Fair Value Measurements
The following table presents the Company’s financial assets and liabilities that are measured at fair value on a recurring basis:
 (dollars in millions) Balance sheet location Classification September 30, 2019 December 31, 2018
Asset Category        
Foreign exchange and metals contracts not designated as hedging instruments Other current assets    Level 2    $ 3.3    $ 0.9   
Interest rate swaps designated as cash flow hedging instruments Other current assets    Level 2    —    6.5   
Cross currency swaps designated as net investment hedge Other current assets    Level 2    19.1    —   
Interest rate swaps designated as cash flow hedging instruments Other assets    Level 2    —    2.6   
Cross currency swaps designated as net investment hedge Other assets    Level 2    20.2    —   
Available for sale equity securities Other assets    Level 1    0.3    0.3   
Total $ 42.9    $ 10.3   
Liability Category
Foreign exchange and metals contracts not designated as hedging instruments Accrued expenses and other current liabilities Level 2    $ 2.1    $ 1.2   
Interest rate swaps designated as cash flow hedging instruments    Accrued expenses and other current liabilities    Level 2    6.6    0.6   
Interest rate swaps designated as cash flow hedging instruments Other liabilities    Level 2    28.1    0.3   
Long-term contingent consideration Other liabilities    Level 3    21.1    57.4   
Total $ 57.9    $ 59.5   
The following methods and assumptions were used to estimate the fair value of each class of the Company’s financial assets and liabilities:
Derivatives - Derivative assets and liabilities include foreign currency, metals, interest rate swaps and cross currency swaps. The values are determined using pricing models based upon observable market inputs, such as market spot and futures prices on over-the-counter derivative instruments, market interest rates, and consideration of counterparty credit risk.
Available for sale equity securities - Available for sale equity securities classified as Level 1 assets are measured using quoted market prices at the reporting date multiplied by the quantity held.
Long-term contingent consideration - The long-term contingent consideration represented a potential liability of up to $100 million tied to the achievement of certain common stock trading price performance metrics and Adjusted EBITDA targets over a seven-year period ending December 2020 in connection with the MacDermid Acquisition. In the first quarter of 2019, the Company paid $40.0 million of this liability related to the achievement of common stock performance targets, reducing the potential contingent consideration liability to $60.0 million. Of the $40.0 million paid in 2019, $30.9 million was reflected as a cash outflow from Operating Activities and $9.1 million was reflected as a cash outflow from Financing Activities on the Condensed Consolidated Statements of Cash Flows. The amount reflected as Financing Activities represented the initial amount recorded in purchase accounting.
The estimated fair value of the Adjusted EBITDA performance metric is derived using the income approach with unobservable inputs, based on present value and multi-year forecast assumptions, which include a discount rate of 10.5% and probability weighted Adjusted EBITDA assessments of expected future payment values of $0.0 million, $30.0 million and $60.0 million. At September 30, 2019, based on the most recent multi-year forecast, the Company continued to determine whether there is a higher probability of achieving the Adjusted EBITDA target that will result in an expected payment of $30.0 million. An increase or a decrease in the probability weighted Adjusted EBITDA assessments of future payment values of 10.0% changes the estimated fair value measure of the performance metric by approximately $2.4 million.
Changes in the estimated fair value of the long-term contingent consideration are recorded in the Condensed Consolidated Statements of Operations as "Selling, technical, general and administrative" expenses.
There were no significant transfers between the fair value hierarchy levels for the three and nine months ended September 30, 2019.
The carrying value and estimated fair value of the Company’s long-term debt totaled $1.52 billion and $1.58 billion, respectively, at September 30, 2019. At December 31, 2018, the carrying value and estimated fair value each totaled $5.35 billion. The carrying values noted above include unamortized premiums, discounts and debt issuance costs. The estimated fair value of long-term debt is measured using quoted market prices at the reporting date multiplied by the gross carrying amount of the related debt, which excludes unamortized premiums, discounts and debt issuance costs. Such instruments are valued using Level 2 inputs.